Jet Fuel is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in jet-engined aircraft.
The most common fuel is an unleaded/paraffin oil-based fuel classified as JET A-1, which is produced to an internationally standardized set of specifications. In the United States only, a version of JET A-1 known as JET A is also used.
The only other jet fuel that is commonly used in civilian aviation is called JET B. JET B is a fuel in the naptha-kerosene region that is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance. However, JET B's lighter composition makes it more dangerous to handle, and it is thus restricted only to areas where its cold-weather characteristics are absolutely necessary.
Differences between Jet A and Jet A-1
The primary difference is the lower freezing point of A-1:
- Jet A's is −40 °C (−40 °F)
- Jet A-1's is −47 °C (−53 °F)
The other difference is the mandatory addition of an anti-static additive to Jet A-1.
Jet A trucks, storage tanks, and plumbing that carry Jet A are marked with a black sticker with "Jet A" in white printed on it, adjacent to another black stripe.
Typical physical properties for Jet A and Jet A-1
Jet A-1 fuel must meet:
- DEF STAN 91-91 (Jet A-1),
- ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A-1), and
- IATA Guidance Material (Kerosene Type), NATO Code F-35.
Jet A fuel must reach ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A)
Typical physical properties for Jet A / Jet A-1
|Jet A-1||Jet A|
|Flash point||38 °C (100 °F)|
|Autoignition temperature||210 °C (410 °F)|
|Freezing point||−47 °C (−53 °F)||−40 °C (−40 °F)|
|Max adiabatic burn temperature||2,500 K (2,230 °C) (4,040 °F) open air burn temperature: 1,030 °C (1,890 °F)|
|Density at 15 °C (59 °F)||0.804 kg/l (6.71 lb/US gal)||0.820 kg/l (6.84 lb/US gal)|
|Specific energy||42.80 MJ/kg (11.90 kWh / kg)||43.02 MJ/kg (11.95 kWh / kg)|
|Energy density||34.7 MJ/L  (9.6 kWh / L)||35.3 MJ/L (9.8 kWh / L)|
Jet B is a fuel in the naphtha-kerosene region that is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance. However, Jet B's lighter composition makes it more dangerous to handle. For this reason, it is rarely used, except in very cold climates. A blend of approximately 30% kerosene and 70% gasoline, it is known as wide-cut fuel. It has a very low freezing point of −60 °C (−76 °F), and a low flash point as well. It is primarily used in some military aircraft. It is also used in Northern Canada, Alaska, and sometimes Russia, because of its low freezing point.
We at Savand Bros will get you the latest price of Jet A and Jet A-1 and the suitable procedure to deliver your fuel from trusted and proven suppliers that have delivered as promised.
Place of Origin: Russian Federation
Model Number: JET FUEL JPA1
Brand Name: Gazprom / etc
Minimum: 1,000,000 BBL
Terms CIF & FOB